Gravitational Generation of Dark Matter

In this talk I will discuss several working models for producing dark matter (DM), which require no couplings between the visible sector and DM besides (classical) gravity. In particular, I will show that contrary to common wisdom the current observational bounds do not substantially limit the parameter space nor cosmological history, but rather that gravitational particle production can quite naturally lead to a DM abundance in agreement with observations. Based on arXiv:1808.08236 and arXiv:(to be uploaded…).

AdS_2 holography - Mind the Gap!

Black holes appear to lead to information loss, thus violating one of the fundamental tenets of Quantum Mechanics. Recent Information-Theory-based arguments imply that information loss can only be avoided if at the scale of the black hole horizon there exists a structure (commonly called fuzzball or firewall) that allows information to escape. I will discuss the highly-unusual properties that this structure must have and how these properties emerge in the realization of this structure in String Theory via branes, fluxes and topology.

Bayesian measurements of inflation with additional fields

In this talk I will demonstrate how, by introducing additional scalar degrees of freedom, one can measure properties of the inflationary era which may be otherwise inaccessible. Using two explicit examples (the curvaton and a feebly interacting model of dark matter), which introduce new informative priors into the post-inflationary phenomenology, we are able to constrain either the total duration that inflation takes place or its energy scale independently of the tensor-to-scalar ratio.

Inflation beyond GR

Scalar-tensor theories of gravity have become a very rich framework from which one can construct viable phenomenological models of early- and late-time cosmology. In particular for inflation, previous models constructed using the Horndeski Lagrangian give predictions which are now in tension with CMB data. On the other hand, by trying to fit the observations, one would find instabilities at the level of the quantum perturbations. Furthermore, computing the standard inflationary observables in a semi-analytical way is a nontrivial task.


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