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Théorie

Nonperturbative infrared dynamics of interacting scalar fields in de Sitter space

Orateur: 
Julien Serreau
Home Institute: 
APC
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 28. May 2013 - 14:00

 

Wavelet quantum cosmology

Orateur: 
Przemyslaw Malkiewicz
Home Institute: 
National Centre for Nuclear Research Warsaw, Poland
Lieu: 
454A Luc Valentin
Horaire: 
Thursday, 16. May 2013 - 14:00

 

What is interesting about the Planck results?

Orateur: 
Martin Bucher
Home Institute: 
APC
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 14. May 2013 - 14:00

 

During the NASA press conference following the first release of the WMAP data, John Bahcall summed up by saying
that "the biggest surprise is that there is no surprise." I will discuss to what extent this statement holds for the first
Planck release, where some but not all of the predictions for what Planck would see have been borne out. 

Neutron-star mergers in scalar-tensor theories of gravity

Orateur: 
Enrico Barausse
Home Institute: 
IAP
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 7. May 2013 - 14:00

Scalar-tensor theories of gravity are natural phenomenological alternatives to General Relativity, where the gravitational interaction is mediated by a scalar degree of freedom, besides the usual tensor gravitons.

Strong infrared effects in de Sitter spacetime: between gauge-artifacts and secularity

Orateur: 
Ahmed Youssef
Home Institute: 
Humboldt Universität zu Berlin
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 23. April 2013 - 14:00

Understanding massless scalar fields and gravitons in de Sitter spacetime is of paramount importance for cosmology. This remains however a difficult problem due to strong IR effects. In this talk we identify and study two particular de Sitter IR aspects, namely gauge-artifacts and secular perturbation theory. First, we show that the long-distance behavior of the photon field two-point function is highly gauge-dependent.

Hubble diagram and fluid limit in cosmology

Orateur: 
Pierre Fleury
Home Institute: 
IAP
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 16. April 2013 - 14:00

In standard cosmology, the interpretation of the Hubble diagram - constructed from the observation of standard candles such as supernovae (SNe) - relies on the assumption that light propagates in a Friedmann-Lemaître spacetime. However, this assumption does not seem realistic for the very narrow light beams involved in SNe observations, which rather probe the lumpy small-scale structure of the universe. Thus, one can wonder about the influence of such inhomogeneities on the propagation of light, and their impact on the observed Hubble diagram.

Quantum properties of a non-Gaussian state

Orateur: 
Florian Gautier
Home Institute: 
APC
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 9. April 2013 - 14:00

I will present the properties of a non-Gaussian density matrix for an O(N) scalar field in the context of the incomplete description picture. This is of relevance for studies of decoherence and entropy production in quantum field theory which play a key role in timely physics.

Integral quantization or exploring the world in the manner of a starfish

Orateur: 
Jean Pierre Gazeau
Home Institute: 
APC
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 2. April 2013 - 14:00

 

Climbing scalars and implications for cosmology

Orateur: 
Emilian Dudas
Home Institute: 
Ecole Polytechnique
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 26. March 2013 - 14:00

 

Can Planck disprove anisotropic inflation?

Orateur: 
Jiro Soda
Home Institute: 
Kyoto University
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 19. March 2013 - 14:00
 
In the conventional inflationary scenario, the statistical property of primordial fluctuations can be characterized by a statistically isotropic, Gaussian, and scale invariant power spectrum. However, in the presence of a vector field and its coupling to an inflaton, there could be vector hair during inflation which causes anisotropy in the expansion and the statistical property of primordial fluctuations. We named the model anisotropic inflation.
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