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Théorie

Isotropy-breaking in Quantum Cosmology

Orateur: 
Andrea Dapor
Home Institute: 
Institute of Physics, Cosmology and Relativity, Warsaw University
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 4. December 2012 - 14:00

We present a new perspective in QFT on quantum cosmological space-times. Naively, the semiclassical limit of a quantum space-time can be taken by averaging the gravitational operators on a semiclassical state of the geometry. The result is an effective classical metric (which in general does not obey the Einstein equations).

How to shape a black hole with matter fields

Orateur: 
Yannis Bardoux
Home Institute: 
LPT, Orsay
Lieu: 
483A - Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 20. November 2012 - 14:00

The main interest of the work exposed in this seminar is to explore new black hole solutions in a more general framework than General Relativity. A first extension will be detailed with the introduction of higher dimensions and p-form fields. These fields constitute the natural generalization of the electromagnetic interaction. We will build in this context new static black hole solutions where p-form fields allow to shape the geometry of the horizon.

Solving the general cosmological singularity problem

Orateur: 
Wlodzimierz Piechocki
Home Institute: 
National Centre for Nuclear Research (Warsaw)
Lieu: 
483A - Malevitch
Horaire: 
Thursday, 15. November 2012 - 14:00

To begin with, we present the big bounce transition of the quantum FRW model in the setting of loop quantum cosmology. We determine the physical self-adjoint Hamiltonian generating the dynamics. It is used to define, via the Stone theorem, an evolution operator of the quantum system. We examine the properties of the expectation values of physical observables in the process of the quantum big bounce transition. The dispersions of observables are studied in the context of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

Higgs-inflation and recent LHC results

Orateur: 
Dmitry Gorbunov
Home Institute: 
Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Lieu: 
483A - Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 6. November 2012 - 14:00

The only fundamental scalar field of the Standard Model of particle physics - the Higgs field - can serve also as the inflaton in the early Universe, if non-minimal coupling to gravity is switched on. We discuss this idea, in particular: similarity to the Starobinsky 

Japan in Paris workshop

Orateur: 
APC Japanese postdocs and visitors
Lieu: 
454A Valentin
Horaire: 
Thursday, 25. October 2012 - 14:00

This is a mini workshop organized to introduce the research of several Japanese new postdocs and visitors at APC. Topics include general relativity (e.g. black hole physics) and cosmology (e.g. theory of cosmological perturbations).

Supersymmetric DBI inflation

Orateur: 
Masahide Yamaguchi
Home Institute: 
Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 30. October 2012 - 14:00

 

Stationary Closed Strings in Five-dimensional Flat Spacetime

Orateur: 
Takahisa IGATA (APC)
Lieu: 
483A Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 23. October 2012 - 14:00

We discuss stationary rotating closed Nambu-Goto strings in five-dimensional flat spacetime. The stationary string is defined as a worldsheet that is tangent to a timelike Killing vector. The Nambu-Goto equation of motion for the stationary string is reduced to the geodesic equation on the orbit space of the isometry group action generated by the Killing vector. We take a linear combination of a time-translation vector and space-rotation vectors as the Killing vector, and explicitly construct general solutions of stationary rotating closed strings in five-dimensional flat spacetime.

A new way to count degrees of freedom in dRGT massive gravity

Orateur: 
George Zahariade (APC)
Lieu: 
Salle 483A - Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 16. October 2012 - 14:00

Recently, there has been a lot of progress in the area of non-linear massive gravity. In particular a theory free from the “Boulware-Deser ghost” has been proposed by de Rham, Gabadadze, Tolley (dRGT). We clarify some of its existing formulations, and provide a new and elegant alternative approach to the counting of the number of degrees of freedom of dRGT theory. 

The tensor track to quantum gravity

Orateur: 
Vincent Rivasseau (LPT Orsay)
Lieu: 
483A - Malevitch
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 9. October 2012 - 14:00

Random tensors generalize random matrices hence could be useful to quantize gravity. Recent progress led to the discovery of a 1/N expansion for large random tensors of size N and to the definition of a new class of quantum field theories, called tensor group field theories (TGFTs). Natural models in this class have been proved renormalizable and asymptotically free. They could therefore lead to ultraviolet consistent scenarios for the emergence of effective space-time and gravity in more than two dimensions. 

Dark Matter in the Universe and Novel Detection Mechanism using DNA

Orateur: 
Katherine Freese (Michigan U.)
Lieu: 
454A-Valentin
Horaire: 
Tuesday, 2. October 2012 - 14:00

 Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) may constitute most of the matter in the Universe. While there are intriguing results from DAMA/LIBRA, CoGeNT and CRESST-II, there is not yet a compelling detection of dark matter. The ability to detect the directionality of recoil nuclei will considerably facilitate detection of WIMPs by means of "annual modulation effect" and "diurnal modulation effect". Directional sensitivity requires either extremely large gas (TPC) detectors or detectors with a few nanometer spatial resolution.

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